Frequently Asked Questions

Общие вопросы

- How long does it take to get a UK visa?
- What documents do I need to provide to make my application?
- Can I have more than one visa?
- Can somebody else fill in my application form for me?
- How can I work in the UK?
- Long-term visit visas - what do I need to consider?
- What if I don't understand English?
- What is 'biometric' information?
- Will I have to give my biometric data each time I apply for a visa?
- How long will you keep my biometric data?
- Why may I need to attend an interview?
- I am already in the United Kingdom. Who should I contact for advice about immigration matters?
- Can I use the visa to enter the UK more than one time?
- Do I need to bring any documents with me to the UK?
- Does the visa guarantee my entry to the UK?
- If my travel plans are delayed, can the expiry date of my visa be changed?
- Is it possible to transfer a visa from an expired passport?
- What do I do if my passport and visa are lost or stolen?
- What is the latest date that I can arrive in the UK with my visa?
- What if my reason for going to the UK changes?
- Do I have to be tested for tuberculosis (TB)?
- What if I am refused a UK visa?
- If I am refused, can I appeal against the decision?
- What if I have been refused a visa for another country before?
- I made a mistake on one of my answers. Can I change it?

For sponsors

- How can my visitor come to the UK?
- What evidence can I supply?
- Drugs warning
- False documents
- Can my visitor come to the UK for private medical treatment?

Marriage Visa

- Can my husband, wife or civil partner and my children accompany me or join me in the UK?
- What do my dependants need to make an application?
- Will my husband, wife or civil partner be allowed to work?
- Can I join my husband, wife, civil partner, fiancé, fiancée or proposed civil partner in the UK?
- How do I qualify to join my husband, wife or civil partner in the UK?


How long does it take to get a UK visa?
We strive to operate a fast and effective visa service and aim to process non-settlement applications within 15 working days. If you are applying to settle in the UK, in most cases we aim to process your application within 12 weeks.
Go up

What documents do I need to provide to make my application?
There is no set list of documents which should be provided as this varies depending on the type of visa that you are applying for.
The checklists are intended to be for guidance purposes only and having all of the required documents is not a guarantee that you will be issued a visa. Only documents submitted with your application will be considered. You will not be able to submit documents after you have made your application at the visa application centre.
You must provide original documents and a translation of any supporting documents which are not in English. Your application may be refused if you do not provide original documents and a certified translation if necessary. The translated documents must:
include details of the translator's name;
confirmation that it is an accurate translation of the original document;
be dated and include the original signature of the translator.
Your passport or travel document must contain at least one blank page on both sides so the visa can be inserted.
It is better to explain why you have not got a document, than to submit a false document in its place. If you submit a false document you will adversely affect your application and your details and the false documents may be passed to law enforcement agencies in your country.
We strongly recommend that you do not buy a non-refundable ticket or confirm travel arrangements to come to the UK, until your visa application has been approved and you have received your visa. Go up

Can I have more than one visa?
It is not possible to hold more than one visa or entry clearance. If your circumstances change you should always inform the Home Office before you leave the UK so that your permission to stay can be curtailed. Once your permission to stay has been curtailed you will be able to apply for a new visa overseas.
Go up

Can somebody else fill in my application form for me?
Yes, but you must sign the application form personally to show that the information given is true and accurate. Giving false or misleading information, or failing to give important relevant information on a visa application form, or to an entry clearance officer, will be reason for an application to be refused. You may also be automatically refused a visa for the following ten years for using deception in an application.
Our visa application forms are available only in English and must be completed in English or with certified translation of certain documents. This will enable us to improve the efficiency and quality of the service we provide to our customers.
Go up

How can I work in the UK?
You will need permission to do paid or unpaid work in the UK. For example, to do an unpaid work placement or internship in the UK you will need to apply under Points Based System Tier 2, 4 or 5. Internships and work placements are not permitted under the business visitor category.
Go up

Long-term visit visas - what do I need to consider?
You should give careful consideration before applying for a long-term visit visa valid for 1, 2, 5 or 10 years as there is the possibility that the visa may be refused, or issued for a shorter period than you have applied for. This could happen if the evidence you provide does not support a long term visit visa application or does not meet the entry clearance criteria. If the application is refused or the visa is issued for a shorter period, you will not be refunded your application fee. There is no automatic entitlement to a 1, 2, 5 or 10 year visit visa.

Although there is no requirement for you to have held a short term visit visa (that is, a standard visit visa of 6 months validity) before being able to apply for a long term one, if you have not previously applied for a UK visa, you may wish to apply for a short term visit visa first.

Applications for long-term visit visas will be considered in the light of:
Whether the applicant can demonstrate a frequent and sustained need to come to the UK, such as family links or an established business connection.
Whether personal circumstances are unlikely to change significantly during the validity of the visa. The better able the applicant can demonstrate stability over the long term the more it will support an application for a longer period.
Whether the applicant can support themselves in the UK without public funds, and demonstrate that they intend to leave the UK at the end of each visit.
Previous travel history as evidenced in a current valid passport.
Applicants under the age of 18 may only be granted a visa which is valid to six months past their 18th birthday. For instance, for a 14 year old applying for a five or ten year long term visit visa, the visa expiry date will be limited to the date that is six months after the applicant’s 18th birthday.
Go up

What if I don't understand English?
You will need to find someone who can speak English to help you complete the application form.
Your documents can be submitted in local language as long as they are accompanied by a summary in English. You may be required to provide certified translations for some documents.
Go up

What is 'biometric' information?
All UK visa applicants, save for those benefiting from a limited number of exemptions and exceptions, are required to provide biometric data (we will take 10-digit finger scans and a digital photograph for our records) as part of the application process.
You will have to go in person to your nearest visa application centre to provide your biometrics and submit your application.
Your visa application will not be processed until you have provided the necessary biometric information. The finger scans are electronic so staff do not need to use any ink, liquid or chemicals. You will have your digital photograph taken at the same time and the whole procedure should take no more than five minutes to complete. You should make sure that you do not have any decoration (such as henna), or any cuts or other markings on your fingertips before having your finger scans. You should also make sure that if you have any cuts and bruises on your face, they have healed or disappeared before you have your photograph taken. Digital photographs must be of your full face and you should not wear sunglasses, a hat or any other head covering (unless you wear it for cultural or religious reasons but the face must not be covered).
Please note: children under the age of five are not required to provide biometrics as part of the application process.
Go up

Will I have to give my biometric data each time I apply for a visa?
Yes. Each time you apply for a visa you will need to have your fingerscan and photograph taken. If you are a regular traveller to the UK, we recommend that you consider applying for a longer term visa.
Go up

How long will you keep my biometric data?
Your biometric data will be kept for 10 years from the date that we last took your finger scans and digital photograph. After 10 years, your data will be destroyed.
Go up

Why may I need to attend an interview?
When a visa officer cannot make an immediate decision about whether you qualify for a visa, you may be asked to attend an interview. We aim to do this within 15 working days from the date the visa officer assesses your application. Always try to make your application well in advance of your intended travel date.
Go up

I am already in the United Kingdom. Who should I contact for advice about immigration matters?
British Missions deal with the issue of visas to foreign nationals who want to come to the UK. If you, or the person you are enquiring about, is already in the UK, you should contact:
UK Border Agency
http://ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/
Go up

Can I use the visa to enter the UK more than one time?
UK visas are normally valid for multiple entries to the UK, until the expiry date shown on the visa.
Go up

Do I need to bring any documents with me to the UK?
On arrival, an immigration officer may ask you to show evidence of your reasons for coming to the UK. This may include travel tickets, evidence of funding, letters from your sponsor or businesses you are visiting, or schools you will study at. You should carry in your hand luggage copies of documents that you showed to the visa officer.
Go up

Does the visa guarantee my entry to the UK?
You should not experience any problems on arrival in the UK, providing that:
you have given the visa officer all information relevant to your visit to the UK
you have not, with or without your knowledge, given false information to support your application, and
there has been no change to your circumstances, or reasons for going to the UK, since the visa was issued.
If you have given false information to support your application you will be refused entry to the UK and may be automatically refused a visa for the following ten years for using deception on an application.
Go up

If my travel plans are delayed, can the expiry date of my visa be changed?
No, except where there are compelling compassionate circumstances. At the discretion of a visa officer, the expiry date of a visa can be extended for up to 3 months, provided there has been no change in your circumstances. Otherwise you should apply for another visa.
Go up

Is it possible to transfer a visa from an expired passport?
This is not normally necessary and will attract a fee. Instead you should travel with both passports which should be shown to an Immigration Officer on arrival in the UK. Otherwise you should complete a Transfer visa application form and pay the specified transfer fee. If you have lost your passport / had it stolen, you will need to pay the full fee for a replacement visa.
Go up

What do I do if my passport and visa are lost or stolen?
You must first apply for a replacement passport and then reapply to a visa application centre or visa section for another visa. You will need to provide a police report as evidence that your passport has been reported missing or stolen. You will have to pay the fee again and produce all supporting documents.
If you are in the UK, you should also contact your country's Embassy for a new travel document and the UK Border Agency Public Enquiry Office for a new visa.
Go up

What is the latest date that I can arrive in the UK with my visa?
The expiry date shown on the visa is the latest date on which you can arrive in the UK, but remember that this is also the last day on which you are permitted to stay in the UK.
Go up

What if my reason for going to the UK changes?
A visa is normally issued for a specific purpose. If your reason for going to the UK changes, you should inform the British Mission that issued your visa. You may be asked to make another visa application.
Go up

Do I have to be tested for tuberculosis (TB)?
If you are planning to come to the UK for more than six months, you will need to be tested to show that you are free from TB before we will accept your visa application.
Go up

What if I am refused a UK visa?
If you are refused a visa to enter the UK, the visa officer will give you a written notice clearly explaining the decision, which will also tell you of your rights of appeal.
Go up

If I am refused, can I appeal against the decision?
Certain categories of visa application, including family visits and settlement, attract full rights of appeal if refused. If you have full rights of appeal this will be stated on your written notice of refusal. Applications for visas to enter the UK in other categories attract limited rights of appeal if refused. If you have limited rights of appeal this will be clearly stated on your written notice of refusal.
Go up

What if I have been refused a visa for another country before?
Each visa application for the UK is dealt with on its own merits, but a visa officer may wish to know why another country refused you a visa.
Go up

I made a mistake on one of my answers. Can I change it?
No. Once you have submitted your online application you cannot change it. However, please enter any changes in writing on your printed copy of the application form.
Go up

For sponsors
How can my visitor come to the UK?
Your visitor must show that:
they want to visit the UK for no more than six months
they intend to leave the UK at the end of their visit, and
they have enough money to support themselves in the UK without working or needing any help from public funds.
Go up

What evidence can I supply?
You should send any supporting documents to the person you are sponsoring so that they can include them with their visa application. Please do not send any documents direct to the visa application centre.
There are no hard-and-fast rules about what documents you should produce when sponsoring a visitor to the UK. You may want to produce evidence of your own immigration status in the UK, and there are some other things you can do, particularly if the visit is for a special reason.
• If the visit is for a holiday and you are a relative or a friend, a letter of sponsorship explaining your relationship to the applicant and why the visit is taking place at this particular time may be helpful.
• If the visit is for a special family occasion (for example, celebrating a wedding, a birth or an important anniversary), an invitation giving details of the event, when and where it is to take place, and a letter of sponsorship would be helpful. If the person you are sponsoring is not a close relative or is one of several people invited to the occasion, it would be helpful to know why the applicant was chosen to attend.
If you are offering to provide support and accommodation, or to pay for travel to the UK, you must provide evidence of your ability to do so.
The following would be helpful.
• A letter of sponsorship giving details of your occupation and salary and how you will provide support and accommodation for the applicant. There is no need to have this letter certified (in other words, signed) before a solicitor or commissioner for oaths to confirm it is genuine.
• Evidence of your ability to pay for the trip, such as copies of your last six months' bank or building society statements and salary slips. If you receive public funds, the Entry Clearance Officer will need to consider carefully how long you will be able to support other people on your limited means. You will not be able to get extra public funds to support the applicant.
Go up

Drugs warning
Anyone found smuggling drugs into the UK will face serious penalties. Drug traffickers may try to bribe travellers. If you are travelling to the UK, avoid any involvement with drugs.
Go up

False documents
It is better to explain why you do not have a document than to submit a false document with an application. Applicants will be automatically refused and may be banned from coming to the UK for 10 years if they use a false document, lie or withhold relevant information. They may also be banned if they have breached immigration laws in the UK. Travellers to the UK who produce a false travel document or passport to the UK immigration authorities for themselves and/or their children are committing an offence. People found guilty of this offence face up to two years in prison or a fine (or both).
Go up

Can my visitor come to the UK for private medical treatment?
Yes. Your visitor can come to the UK for private medical treatment. However, they must be able to show that they:
have made satisfactory arrangements for the private consultation or treatment that they need
have enough money to pay for any treatment and to support themselves and live in the UK without working or needing any help from public funds, and
intend to leave the UK at the end of their treatment. Visitors are not allowed to receive free medical treatment from the National Health Service. Your visitor should make sure that they have enough medical insurance for the whole of their stay in the UK.
Go up

Marriage Visa
Can my husband, wife or civil partner and my children accompany me or join me in the UK?
Your husband, wife or civil partner and any of your children under 18 can come to the UK with you during your studies, as long as you can adequately accommodate and support them without needing any help from public funds.
Go up

What do my dependants need to make an application?
Your dependants will need to make their application online or fill in the following visa application form:
They will also need the following:
Their passport or travel document.
A recent passport-sized (45mm x 35mm), colour photograph of themselves.
Evidence of their relationship to you.
If they are your spouse/civil partner, evidence that they will live with you during your stay and that your marriage/civil partnership is subsisting.
If they are your child, evidence that they have not formed an independent family unit and they are not leading an independent life and that both their parents must either be lawfully present in the UK, or being granted entry clearance or leave to remain at the same time as them
Evidence that you can adequately accommodate and support them without needing any help from public funds.
Evidence of the course of study you are doing or are going to do in the UK.
A copy of the relevant pages from your passport, showing your permission to stay if you are already in the UK.
Go up

Will my husband, wife or civil partner be allowed to work?
Your husband, wife or civil partner will be allowed to work in the UK if we give you permission to stay in the country for at least twelve months.
Go up

Can I join my husband, wife, civil partner, fiancé, fiancée or proposed civil partner in the UK?
You must show that:
you plan to marry or register a civil partnership within a reasonable time (usually six months)
you plan to live together permanently after you are married or have registered a civil partnership
you have met each other before
there is somewhere for you and your dependants to live until you get married or register a civil partnership, and you will be able to live without help from public funds,
you and your dependants can be supported without working or claiming any help from public funds,
your fiancé(e) is not under 21, and
you are not under 21 at the date of arrival in the UK.
You will be allowed to stay in the UK for six months but without permission to work. When you are married or have registered a civil partnership, you can apply to the UK Border Agency for a two-year extension to your visa. When you do this you will be required to pay a non-refundable fee and provide certain documents as specified on the UK Border Agency website: Form FLR (M) and guidance notes. If your application is granted you will be allowed to work. Before the end of your probationary two years Further Leave to Remain (FLR) you will need to apply to the UK Border Agency for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) in the UK. When you do this you will be required to pay a further non-refundable fee and provide more documents as specified on the UK Border Agency website: Form SET (M) and guidance notes. Before we can give you permission to stay in the UK permanently, you will need to pass the 'Life in the UK' test.
Go up

How do I qualify to join my husband, wife or civil partner in the UK?
You must show that:
you are legally married to each other or are in a civil partnership recognised in the UK
your husband, wife or civil partner is present and settled in the UK (see the next section)
you both intend to live together permanently as husband and wife or as civil partners
you have met each other before
you can support yourselves and any dependants without any help from public funds
you have suitable accommodation, which is owned or lived in only by you and your household, and where you and your dependants can live without any help from public funds
your husband, wife or civil partner is not under 21, and
you are not under 21 at the date of arrival in the UK .
At first, you will be allowed to stay and work in the UK for two years. Near the end of this time, if you are still married and intend to continue living together, you can apply to stay permanently in the UK.
Go up